Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Rector of Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies
STATE REGULATION OF FOOD SECURITY
Background. Nowadays the food security problem is quite important in the world. Food security ensuring in every country is not possible without government regulation, because one of the main functions of each country is sustainable food production, the availability of food by own production and import.
The aim of article is the comparative analysis of the legal framework and regulatory policy features of different countries in the field of formation and endurance of an appropriate level of food security.
Material and methods. To achieve the aim, a profound literary analysis of legislation of the countries around the world was held for the presence of standards that can govern the concept, evaluation mechanisms and food security improvement at country level.
Results. Leading countries in the world consider food security as an essential condition of internal political and social and economic stability of the country and its independence. Today, the CIS countries, European Union countries, United States and the largest countries in Asia, namely China and Japan have quite substantial and powerful legal framework for food security policy implementation: concepts, strategies and development plans, doctrine, laws and regulations.
Conclusion. Unfortunately, in Ukraine, there is no clearly defined system of national "observation" of the food security. Also, there is no single legislative document that can directly regulate following issues: food security formation, assessment of food security level and mechanisms of state regulation of food security.
Today, our country should create a model of food security formation and its management, also we should pass a number of laws and by-laws that would regulate state regulatory policy on the basis of high competitiveness and low import dependence.
Keywords: food security, government regulation, legislation, agricultural complex.