Приймаються статті для публікації в № 2 (42)/2022
rn Міжнародного науково-практичного журналу "Товари і ринки" з технічних та економічних наук 

Статті

IMPORT SUBSTITUTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS ON THE MARKET OF UKRAINE

Автор: sveta on . Posted in 2021_02(38)

Cite as APA style citation
Budziak V., Budziak O. Import substitution of agricultural products on the market of Ukraine. International scientific-practical journal "Commodities and markets". 2021. N 2. P.44-52.

FREE FULL TEXT (PDF)

UDC 339.562:635.07]:339.13(477)    
JEL Classification: Q17, Q56   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/tr.knute.2021(38)04
     
Vasyl BUDZYAK
 
 
E‐mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її.
ORCID: 0000-0002-2142-1416
  Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor,
Professor at the Department of International Management
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
     
Olha BUDZYAK
 
 
E‐mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її.
ORCID: 0000‐0003‐3690‐1735
  Doctor of Economics, Professor,
Head of the Department of Ecology and Land Use Economics
of the State Academy of Postgraduate Education and Management

35, V. Lypkivskyi str., Kyiv, 02000, Ukraine

 IMPORT SUBSTITUTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS ON THE MARKET OF UKRAINE

Background. Today, Ukraine’s agriculture is one of the most export-oriented sectors of the economy. The export of crop products, most notably, grain crops, is espe­cially successful. Population growth in most countries of the world, as well as climate change, accelerate the growth of demand for agricultural products. However, amid the constant growth in exports of crop products, there is a gradual increase in imports of live­stock products. Also, there is an increasing demand in Ukraine for certain types of crop products that are not grown in the country.
An analysis of recent research and publications has shown that mostly resear­chers study certain issues of imports of agricultural products, which are lacking in the domestic agricultural market.
The aim of the article is to analyze the level of import dependence of the main types of livestock and crop products and justify ways to reduce it in modern conditions.
Materials and methods. The article uses general scientific research methods: system and complex analysis, synthesis and abstraction, as well as the index method.
Results. The general rates of product import indicate a rather high import depen­dence of Ukraine in livestock production, which constitutes 12 % only for meat. The most critical situation with import dependence is regarding fish and fish products with a 70–76 % import rate. As for crop production, the most critical import dependence is in fruits, berries, and grapes, where it ranges from 35 % to 42 %. To accelerate the process of import substitution in Ukrainian agriculture, it is proposed to increase the volume of cultivation of the relevant types of domestic products, to form a flexible system of tariff and non-tariff regulation of imports and exports of agricultural products, to grow and promote substitutes and domestic analogs, to minimize Ukraine’s dependence on agricultural products of critical imports.
Conclusion. The expediency of import substitution in agriculture is based on ensu­ring food, and hence economic security of our state, as well as on preserving existing and creating new jobs not only in agriculture but also in other related sectors of the economy. Import substitution allows to leave the corresponding financial resources in the country and to create added value, primarily, in agriculture. As a result, the competitiveness of domestic farmers and the efficiency of their activities increase, and the domestic agricultural market becomes more stable and predictable.
Keywords: imports, agricultural products, import substitution, livestock produc­tion, crop production.

REFERENCES

  1. Gal’cova, O. L. (2014). Suchasnyj stan eksportnogo potencialu APK Ukrai’ny [The current state of the export potential of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine]. Eko­nomika ta derzhava – Economyandstate, 3, 12-17 [in Ukrainian].
  2. Mel’nyk, T. M., & Pugachevs’ka, K. S. (2016). Importozalezhnist’ ekonomiky Ukrai’ny i priorytety selektyvnogo importozamishhennja [Import dependence of Ukraine’s eco­nomy and priorities of selective import substitution]. Ekonomika Ukrai’ny – Ukraineeconomy, 4, 29-44 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Shubravs’ka, O. V., & Prokopenko, K. O. (2014). Integracijni perspektyvy Ukrai’ny: perevagy i ryzyky dlja agrarnogo sektoru [Ukraine’s integration prospects: advan­tages and risks for the agricultural sector]. Ekonomika Ukrai’ny – Ukraineeconomy, 1, 63-73 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Jermolajev, A., Klymenko, I., Jemec’, V., & Taran, S. (2015). Agrarnyj sektor Ukrai’ny: tendencii’, sub’jekty, perspektyvy reformuvannja [Agrarian sector of Ukraine: ten­den­cies, subjects, prospects for reforming]. Kyi’v: Instytut strategichnyh doslidzhen’ "Nova Ukrai’na" [in Ukrainian].
  5. Prodovol’cha bezpeka, dijal’nist’ agrarnogo fondu, formuvannja derzhavnogo pro­dovol’chogo rezervu, cinove reguljuvannja [Food security, activity of the agrarian fund, formation of the state food reserve, price regulation]. Jedyna kompleksna stra­te­gija rozvytku sil’s’kogo gospodarstva i sil’s’kyh terytorij v Ukrai’ni na 2015-2020 rr. Ini­ciatyva Ministerstva agrarnoi’ polityky ta prodovol’stva Ukrai’ny – The only com­pre­hensive strategy for the development of agriculture and rural areas in Ukraine for 2015-2020. Initiative of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine. Retrieved from http://minagro.gov.ua/themes/garland/pdf/5.1%20Basic%20material%20UKR.pdf [in Ukrainian].
  6. Kvasha, S. M. (2013). Metodologichnyj bazys pryjnjattja suspil’nyh rishen’ v agrarnij polityci [Methodological basis of public decision making in agricultural policy]. Ekonomika APK – Economics of agro-industrial complex, 8, 12-21 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Salo, I. A. (2013). Rozvytok rynku plodiv v Ukrai’ni [Development of the fruit market in Ukraine]. Kyi’v: NNC IAE [in Ukrainian].
  8. Prokopenko, O. P. (2018). Balansy ta spozhyvannja osnovnyh produktiv harchu­vannja naselennjam Ukrai’ny [Balances and consumption of basic foodstuffs by the population of Ukraine]. Kyi’v: Derzhstat [in Ukrainian].
  9. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrai’ny [State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
  10. FAOSTAT. Vybrani pokaznyky [FAOSTAT. Selected indicators]. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/faostat/ru/#country [in Ukrainian].