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PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF DRINKS FROM FENUGREEK SEEDS

Автор: sveta on . Posted in 2021_03(39)

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Pritulska N., Motuzka I., Koshelnyk A. Physiological efficiency of drinks from fenugreek seeds. International scientific-practical journal "Commodities and markets". 2021. N 3. P. 105-114.

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UDC 637.141.8:635.7   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/tr.knute.2021(39)08
     
Nataliia PRYTULSKA
 
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ORCID: 0000-0002-9010-4190
  Doctor of Sciences (Technical), Professor,
First Vice-Rector for Scientificand Pedagogical Work,
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
     
Yuliia MOTUZKA
 
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ORCID: 0000-0003-0400-6445
  Doctor of Technical Sciences, Head of the Department of Commodity Science,
Safety and Quality Management,
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
     
Anna KOSHELNYK
 
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ORCID: 0000-0002-0322-9375
  Postgraduate student at the Department of Commodity Science,
Safety and Quality Management,
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine

PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF DRINKS FROM FENUGREEK SEEDS

Background. Today, diabetes is one of the most common diseases with a steady upward trend. In particular in Ukraine it ranks 2nd among endocrine diseases in the number of patients. The annual growth of such patients averages 9.8–11 %.
In the treatment of endocrine diseases, dietary nutrition aimed at normalizing metabolismis of great importance. It is recommended to add to the diet special, func­tionally-oriented foods based on biologically valuable raw materials.
The aim of the work is to determine the physiological efficiency of drinks from fenugreek seeds.
Materials and methods. The physiological effects of fenugreek seed drinks were determined from clinical trials involving 54 patients with type II diabetes and 40 patients diagnosed with pre-diabetes. Two groups of 32 patients who did not consume the product were also selected.
Biochemical methods were used to assess the effect of the product on the correction of condition of patients according to the indicators of the general condition of patients, the indicator of the level of glucose and cholesterol in the blood. The assessment of physical and psycho-emotional states was conducted by a survey.
Drink is a plant-based milk analogue from the fenugreek seeds is presented in a ready-to-drink form. Depending on the disease and the condition of the body, participants in clinical trials drank the developed drink daily at 200–400 cm3/day (1–2 times a day at 200 cm3) for 30–60 days together with an individually prescribed treatment package.
Results. It was found that patients who consumed a drink of fenugreek seeds in addition to the main diet had a faster normalization of blood glucose levels, more pronounced improvement in physical condition, as well as a reduction in the overall duration of treatment than patients in the control group.
There was an improvement in lipid metabolism in patients of both study groups who drank a plant-based milk analogue from fenugreek seeds, and patients have noted that consumption of the developed drink helped to improve the condition of the gastrointestinal tract. This can be explained by the large number of galactomannans in the fenugreek seeds, which promote the secretion of mucous substances during the production of the drink.
Conclusion. The new plant-based milk analogue from fenugreek seeds helps to normalize blood sugar and cholesterol levels, and therefore can be recommended for use in dietary and therapeutic diets of people with diabetes and atherosclerosis during treatment and recovery.
Taking into account the properties of fenugreek seeds, the developed product can be recommended to protect the organs of the gastrointestinal tract in these diseases and in general to normalize metabolism.
Keywords: plant-based milk analogues, drinks, physiological efficiency, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, fenugreek, dietary nutrition, therapeutic and pro­phylactic nutrition.

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