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CONSUMER PROPERTIES OF PASTA WITH POWDER FROM MARIGOLD INFLORESCENCES (TAGETES L.)

Автор: sveta on . Posted in 2021_04(40)

Cite as APA style citation
Shapovalova N., Vezhlivceva S., Antjushko D. Spozhyvni vlastyvosti lokshyny z vykorystannjam poroshku iz sucvittja chornobryvciv (Tagetes L.). Mizhnarodnyj naukovo-praktychnyj zhurnal "Tovary i rynky". 2021. № 4. P. 102-112.

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UDC 641.1:644.87   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/tr.knute.2021(40)10
     
Nataliia SHAPOVALOVA

 
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ORCID: 0000-0002-9143-8600
  Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor
at the Department of Commodity Science, Safety and Quality Management,
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
     
Svitlana VEZHLIVTSEVA

 
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ORCID: 0000-0003-4000-7314
  Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor
at the Department of Commodity Science, Safety and Quality Management,
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
     
Dmytro ANTIUSHKO

 
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ORCID: 0000-0002-4135-6439
  Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor
at the Department of Commodity Science, Safety and Quality Management,
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine

CONSUMER PROPERTIES OF PASTA WITH POWDER FROM MARIGOLD INFLORESCENCES (TAGETES L.)

Background. The deficiency of essential nutrients in the human body is the root cause of reduced efficiency, general resistance of the body to various diseases. That is an urgent problem in the context of the spread of coronavirus infection.
In this regard, the search for opportunities to meet the needs of the population in food products that contain biologically active substances (BAS) through the use of high-value and at the same time available plant raw materials is extremely important. Marigolds attract special attention among such raw materials.
The aim of the work is to study the chemical composition and evaluate the consumer properties of Tagetes L. varieties, zoned in the Kiev region, to prove the possibility of increasing the biological value of pasta by adding to their recipe powder from marigold inflorescences.
Materials and methods. The object of research is pasta of B group (noodles). Inflorescences of marigolds of different varieties gathered during the flowering period in July-September 2019–2020 in the territory of Vasylkiv and Obukhiv districts of Kyiv region, Ukraine were used as enriching plant raw materials.
The quality of finished pasta was assessed by organoleptic and physicochemical indexes (moisture content and titratable acidity).
The content of mineral elements in the fine powder of marigold inflorescences was determined on the EXHERT-3L device, the quantitative composition and BAS identification – by spectrophotometric analysis on the device Specord-200 Analytic Jena UV-vis.
The integrated quality index of pasta products was calculated taking into account the importance factors of individual indexes.
Results. Comparing the obtained results, we can state that all the studied varieties – Gold Kopfen, Orange Flame, Hawaii, Equinox are characterized by high biological value, regardless of the area of collection.
As a result of calculated and experimental studies it was determined that the addition of 7 % of the supplement does not provide the required supply of vitamins and minerals. Replacing the flour in the recipe by 20 % significantly improves the mineral composition, but deteriorates the taste and aromatic properties of pasta. The most optimal and rational amount of added additive is 15 %, as it improves the organoleptic properties of pasta and enriches their BAS.
Conclusion. The usage of non-traditional vegetable raw materials, in particular powder from marigold inflorescences, which is rich in biologically active substances, allows not only to expand the range, improve the quality of finished products, but also increase the biological value of the product.
The optimal amount of additive – powder from marigold inflorescences, was defined. It is 15 % by weight of flour in the production of noodles. This concentration allows not only to improve the organoleptic properties, but also to increase the content of biologically active substances – vitamins, micro- and macronutrients.
The usage of non-traditional natural raw materials (powder from marigold inflorescences) allows to abandon artificial colors and give the finished pasta a pleasant color and aroma.
Keywordspasta products, noodles, biological value, organoleptic properties, powder from marigold inflorescences (Tagetes L.), flavonoids.

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