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rn Міжнародного науково-практичного журналу "Товари і ринки" з технічних та економічних наук 

Статті

DESSERTS TECHNOLOGY OF GERODIETETICAL USE

Автор: Редактор on . Posted in 2013-2

UDC 641.85:613.98
 
SVIDLO K.,
candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of Kharkiv Institute of Trade and Economics of KNUTE
 
DESSERTS TECHNOLOGY OF GERODIETETICAL USE
 
Background. Permanent deficit by elderly of complex macro-and micronutrients leads to unstable physical condition and overall health. It promotes the development of chronic diseases, disruption of alimentary-dependent functions, including immune and resistant. At this time, the strong tendency to set up innovative specialized products designed for gerontologic diet food has been observed.
The purpose of this paper is to develop a model of desserts with specified chemical composition, on this basis the technology of gerontologic diet berry-vegetable mousse "Polunichka" is proposed.
Material and methods. In the study the following elements were used: the fiber of pumpkin seed, cystozir, amaranth seeds oil. The method of multi-level mathematical modeling and the method of technological system function optimization were used.
Results. A model of gerontologic diet desserts was developed and proposed in accordance with FAO/WHO daily physiological requirements for elderly people. This model served as the basis for working out a technology of gerontologic diet mousse "Polunichka".
Conclusion. The gerontologic diet deserts mousse "Polunichka" can be used in aged people’s diet to prevent metabolic processes in aging organisms, to regulate functions of their organs, and to support immune system.
 
Key words: desserts, gerontologic diet nutrition, fiber pumpkin seeds, cystozir, amaranth seeds oil.
 
 DESSERTS TECHNOLOGY OF GERODIETETICAL USE

ECOLOGICALLY SAFE TEXTILE PRODUCTS ON THE BASE OF FLAX FIBRES

Автор: Редактор on . Posted in 2013-2

UDC 677.11:338.4:006.015.8
 
BEREZOVSKY Y.,
candidate of technical sciences, associate professorof Kherson National Technical University
 
ECOLOGICALLY SAFE TEXTILE PRODUCTS ON THE BASE OF FLAX FIBRES
 
Background. Theoretical aspects of eco-branding of flax and flax-containing commodities from the standpoint of using properties of flax raw material are considered. The questions of the new directions of the creating ecologically safe commodities with a new properties and new construction are processed.
Material and methods. In the process of research the methods of theoretical generalization and comparison, analysis and synthesis are used. The critical analysis of recommendations on increase of the level of ecological commodity production was carried out. The principles of formation of markets of ecological safef non-food goods based on flax material were offered.
Results. The principles of product assortment based on flax-type materials should be used for the sustainable development of market an ecologically safe products, increase of its competitiveness.The questions issue of finding ways of improving the quality and expansion of the assortment of high quality flax and flax-type textiles of different methods of treatment are considered. Theoretical issues of more efficient using of existing in the country flax materials have been explored.
Researches of the perspective directions to greening of production technologies and assortment of textile materials allows to give an assessment to development of a national segment of the market of ecologically safe goods.
Conclusion. The use of flax fibre in developing, creating and distributing ecologically safe products will enable to guarantee expansion and ecologization of textile products assortment, ecologization of its production technological process and efficient usage of renewable resources. Flax raw material can become one of the key factors of successful formation of domestic market of eco textile and popularization of eco-branding in Ukraine.
 
Key words: flax, ecologization, eco-products, commodity markets.
 
 ECOLOGICALLY SAFE TEXTILE PRODUCTS ON THE BASE OF FLAX FIBRES

CRITERIA OF THE SAFETY OF PRODUCTS FOR ENTERAL NUTRITION

Автор: Редактор on . Posted in 2013-2

UDC 613.2.032.33–027.45
 
PRYTULSKA N.,
doctor of technical sciences, professor of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
 
MOTYZKA Y.,
candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
 
ANTIUSHKO D.,
postgraduate of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
 
CRITERIA OF THE SAFETY OF PRODUCTS FOR ENTERAL NUTRITION
 
Background. Concidering the specific metabolic processes of people in critical condition (distortion of macro and microelements exchange, decomposition of protein compounds), development and implementation of products for enteral nutrition is becoming very important and their assortment is very limited. Due to the increased requirements to products for nutritional support of patients, when such products are deeveloped, considerable attention is paid to safety indicators, and it is defined by the content of various contaminants: toxic elements, microorganisms and pesticides.
Material and methods. The developed products for enteral nutrition on the soluble dry basis "Reabilakt" and "Reabilakt-D" were the objects of the research. The control product of the study was "Peptamen", produced by Nestle (Switzerland).
Atomic absorption method, using atomic absorption spectrophotometer, was utilized to determine the content of toxic elements (lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury) [8–11]. Gas chromatograph and standard methods were used to determine the content of pesticides [12; 13]. For the determination of microbiological safety of products for enteral nutrition the following factors were studied: the total amount of mesophilic aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms (MAFAnM), the presence of the coliform bacteria (CGB), pathogens and mold [14–18]. The study was held immediately after production and every 2 months during the recommended period of storage (12 months).
Results. The content of toxic elements and pesticides in the investigated samples meet the established requirements. The study of quantitative and qualitative composition of the microflora of products for enteral nutrition found that the studied products meet the established health standards. During the storage of experimental and control samples the amount of MAFAnM tended to increase but within the norms. The samples didn’t contain yeasts and pathogenic microorganisms.
Conclusions. It is determined that the studied mixtures on dry soluble basis for enteral nutrition "Reabilakt" and "Reabilakt-D" meet the established requirements of current legislation regarding the safety indicators and can be recommended for for consumption during the treatment and recovery period within the period of validity.
 
Key words: safety, products on dry soluble base for enteral nutrition, toxic elements, pesticides, microbiological indicators

 CRITERIA OF THE SAFETY OF PRODUCTS FOR ENTERAL NUTRITION

HARMLESSNESS OF VEGETABLE AND FRUIT CANNED FOOD

Автор: Редактор on . Posted in 2013-2

ОRLOVA N.,
doctor of technical sciences, professor of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
 
KAZACHENKO S.,
candidate of technical sciences, senior lecturerof Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
 
KUZ'MENKO I.,
postgraduate of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
 
HARMLESSNESS OF VEGETABLE AND FRUIT CANNED FOOD
 
Background. Harmlessness of vegetable and fruit canned food includes microbial harmless, content of toxic elements, radionuclides, nitrates. Shelf life of canned is determined by their sterility. The essence of the authors’ improved method process of receiving the new canned with squash and plum, with pumpkins and quince, is in replacement of the acetic acid with natural organic acids constituents in the marinade, and that the improved method involves the alleviated heat treatment.
Material and methods. The objects of study served as vegetables and fruits of these botanical varieties: zucchini (Gribovsky-37), cherry plums (Huck), pumpkin (Muscat), quince (Crimean), cranberry (Wetland), viburnum (Velykoplidna); new canned food from zucchini and cherry plum and canned pumpkin and quince with cranberry with viburnum juice.
Safety indicators were studied in the original raw fresh and canned after 9 months of storage according to the terms: the total number of MAFAnM, mold fungi, yeast, content of toxic elements (Plumbum, Cadmium, Arsenic, Mercury, Copper, Zinc), radionuclides (137Cz, 90Sr ) nitrates.
Results. Number of MAFAnM in canned after 9 months of storage (<15 CFU in 1 g) confirms the adequacy of heat treatment with the active acidity (pH) of the product 3.2–3.4. Reducing the concentration of toxic elements, radionuclides and nitrate in canned fruit and vegetable part after long-term storage is due to their partial transition with small pieces of flesh to the marinade as a result of natural diffusion.
Conclusion. These data confirm the feasibility of replacing acetic acid with the natural organic acids of the fruit and berry raw materials, resulting in product pH below 3.8. Low active acidity can mitigate heat treatment, by applying the traditional lower temperatures and shorter term pasteurization (95±2 оC for 2–3 min).
 
Key words: canned squash and plums, canned pumpkin and quince, organic acids, contaminants, abioz, pasteurization, sterility, safety
 
 HARMLESSNESS OF VEGETABLE AND FRUIT CANNED FOOD

IDENTIFICATION OF THE PERFUMERY LIQUID PRODUCTS

Автор: Редактор on . Posted in 2013-2

UDC 665.5–047.27
 
KRYUK T.,
candidate of technical sciences, associate professorof Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after Mykhailo Tugan-Baranovsky
 
IDENTIFICATION OF THE PERFUMERY LIQUID PRODUCTS
 
Background. Modern perfume market in Ukraine is quite saturated, but the reduction of own manufacture has increased the number of imported products and the increase in the share of counterfeit products and products of low quality. The purpose of the article is to review current Ukrainian national standards for perfumery liquids, their analysis for the identification and detection of counterfeit goods.
Material and methods. The research was conducted by organoleptic and physico-chemical methods, that regulated of the current regulations, including gas chromatography and volumetric method.
Results. The study highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the current regulatory framework for perfumery and cosmetic products in comparison with the standards of the USSR and the Russian Federation. It is shown that national standards of Ukraine include an extensive classification of fragrance products; describe in detail the methods of products testing, impose requirements on product safety and allow professionals to accurately determine the identity of a particular product type.
Five samples of toilet water were identified. Samples belonging to a certain type of perfumery liquids were established and counterfeit products were revealed. It is shown that uniquely identify a liquid perfumes is possible only by a set of indicators, the main ones being the volume fraction of ethanol and the sum of the mass fraction of fragrances.
Conclusion. The domestic market is saturated with counterfeit perfume products  foreign manufacture, the identification of which is possible only if a comprehensive study that includes an analysis of marking, identification organoleptic and physicochemical parameters. To unequivocally establish authenticity proposed to determine the chemical composition of the fragrances of perfumes and their origin.
 
Key words: perfumery liquid products, eau de toilette, standartisation, identification, quality, counterfeiting.
 
 IDENTIFICATION OF THE PERFUMERY LIQUID PRODUCTS